ITALIANS IN GERMANY
There are 556,145 Italians citizens living in Germany and 830,000 people with Italian ancestry. This means Italians and those with Italian ancestry make up ~5% of those with migration background in Germany. Places with significant populations include Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, the Ruhrgebiet, Frankfurt/Main, Stuttgart, and Cologne. Italians in Germany are ethnic Italian migrants and their descendants, both those originating from Italy and those from Italian communities in Switzerland. Over time. most Italians came to Germany for work. Some arrived for personal relations, studies, or political reasons. Today, Italians in Germany form one of the largest Italian diasporas in the world and account for one of the largest immigrant groups in Germany.
Large numbers of Italians have resided in Germany since the early Middle Ages, particularly architects, craftsmen, and traders. During the late Middle Ages and early modern times many came to Germany for business as relations between the 2 countries prospered. The political borders were also somewhat intertwined under the German princes’ attempts to extend control over all the Holy Roman Empire, which extended from Northern Germany down to Southern Italy. During the Renaissance many Italian bankers, architects, and artists moved to Germany and successfully integrated in the German society. When the huge Italian emigration of the 19th century began, only a few Italians moved to the German Empire under Prussian rule. With Germany’s post-WW2 economic boom (Wirtschaftswunder), a large wave of Italians relocated to Germany. The 2 countries have been joint members of the European Coal & Steel Community/European Economic Community. Since the establishment of freedom of movement for workers between the 2 countries in 1961, more than 580,000 Italians migrated to Germany for work, mainly from southern and northeastern Italy. Italians in Germany today are actively involved in regional and federal politics. They’ve had a substantial influence on the development of Fine Arts, and Romanesque and Gothic architecture. Italians in Germany often run restaurants, cafes, and delis, work in retail and fashion, and art and media. Italian-run Assicurazioni Generali and Unicredit are some of Germany’s largest insurance and finance companies and employers. Notable people include:
Alessandro Abruscia, football player – Mario Adorf, actor – Johannes Agnoli, late scientist – Marco Baldi, CEO of ALBA Berlin – Angelo Barletta, football player – Bernhard Bolzano, mathematician – Lujo Brentano, economist – Clemens Brentano, poet/novelist – Ferruccio Busoni, composer/pianist – Leo von Caprivi, general/statesman – Diego Contento, football player – Rudolf Caracciola, racing driver – Luigi Colani, industrial designer – Gianluca Gaudino, football player – Maurizio Gaudino, football player – Giuseppe Gemiti, football player – Daniel Caligiuri, football player – Marco Caligiuri, football player – Johann Maria Farina, perfumier – Giuseppe Gemiti, football player – Vincenzo Grifo, football player – Romano Guardini, Catholic priest – Bruno Labbadia, football player – Bruno Maderna, conductor/composer – Vincenzo Marchese, football player – Denis Moschitto, actor – Oliver Neuville, football player – Massimo Ornatelli, football player – Marcello Pirani, scientist – Franka Potente, actress – Nicola Sansone, football player – Elia Soriano, football player – Roberto Soriano, football player – Angelo Vaccaro, football player