We have those same wind patterns here in Western Canada, we call them Chinooks. We had one just a few days ago- the weather went from -35° C to 4° C. Now we’re back in the deep freeze, but it was a welcome break

Hi there. I think you were referring to this post http://willkommen-in-germany.tumblr.com/search/foehn and Canadian weather is really impressive. Northern Germany is around the Canadian Souths‘ longitude, but weather patterns here are different, in part due to the Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Drift. I think I might die at -35 Celsius — more of a warm weather person and so not into snow! I mean, it looks pretty and all and frozen lakes are fun, and icicles are pretty… but after about a week of it, I‘d rather sit under palm trees on a beach, sipping ice cold drinks. 🙂 We have a lot of rain and (depending on location) more or less ice and snow in Germany in winter but unless you‘re in the highest mountains, temps rarely go below – 10 C or – 12 C, and for most of the country probably linger more around – 5 to + 10 for the winter on average. When I was a kid there was more snow, too.

Winter: http://willkommen-in-germany.tumblr.com/search/winter
Weather: http://willkommen-in-germany.tumblr.com/search/weather Climate: http://willkommen-in-germany.tumblr.com/search/climate Snow: http://willkommen-in-germany.tumblr.com/search/snow

What/how do Germans/northern Germans think/feel about dirndl dresses and lederhosen?

Lederhosen and Dirndl are Bavarian. Bavaria (actually called Bayern) is 1 of 16 German states. No one outside of Bavaria (and maybe parts of Swabia) actually wears these things in Germany so it’s not just the north that doesn’t. For some reason abroad, all they ever see about Germany is the Alpine/Bavarian stuff, which would be like saying all of USA wears jeans, boots and cowboy hats and listens to twangy country music like Texans do (like oompah music in Bavaria). It’s basically absurd, lol. It’s also one of the many reasons I started this blog. In more recent times, it has become “fashionable” for women to wear Dirndls visiting Oktoberfest in Munich or elsewhere (fun fact: pretty much any German city has a local Oktoberfest or Kirmes around the same time, it’s just that the Munich one is the most famous one).

Here’s something on the history of those clothes from Wiki: “Lederhosen were once widespread among men of the Alpine and surrounding regions, including Bavaria, Austria, the Allgäu, Switzerland, and the autonomous Italian region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (formerly part of Austria until after World War I). But they were not usually worn in southwestern Germany or Switzerland. Lederhosen are a characteristic of Tyrol, an area in western Austria, and the autonomous region of Northern Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol formerly part of Austria).

La Couturière Parisienne, however, claims that lederhosen were originally not exclusively a Bavarian garment but were worn all over Europe, especially by riders, hunters, and other people involved in outdoor activities. The flap (drop front) may have been a unique Bavarian invention. The drop-front style became so popular in the 18th century that it was known in France as à la bavaroise, “in the Bavarian style.” One attempt at modernizing lederhosen — “double zipper” lederhosen were once sold as workout wear in Europe during the 1970s.

The popularity of lederhosen in Bavaria dropped sharply in the 19th century. They began to be considered as uncultured peasants’ clothing that was not fitting for modern city-dwellers. However, in the 1880s a resurgence set in, and several clubs were founded in Munich and other large cities devoted to preserving traditional rural clothing styles. The conception of lederhosen as a quintessentially Bavarian garment that is worn at festive occasions rather than at work, dates largely from this time.

Lederhosen have remained regionally popular and are popularly associated with virility and brawn. Some men wear them when gardening, hiking, working outdoors, or attending folk festivals or beer gardens. They are a symbol of regional pride in Bavaria and the other areas where they are worn, but are rarely seen elsewhere. The role of lederhosen in Bavaria is thus comparable to that of the kilt in Scotland and the cowboy hat in the United States.“

Germany – A Size Comparison

~ With 1,972,550 square km versus 357,114 square km, Germany would fit inside Mexico about 5.5 times.

~ Texas (696,241 square km) is almost 2 x larger than Germany.

~ Germany is about 85% the size of California (423,970 square km) From north to south, it would stretch from Los Angeles to Redding.

~ Germany is just a little smaller than Japan (377,944 square km).

~ Germany is about 1.5 x the size of the UK (243,610 square km).

~ Nonetheless, Germany is the world’s 4th-largest economy by GDP (Gross Domestic Product). See the list here: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal)#Lists

Baden-Württemberg in Southwestern Germany is Germany’s…

Baden-Württemberg in Southwestern Germany is Germany’s 3rd-largest state in terms of size and population, with 10.8 million inhabitants. The state capital and largest city is Stuttgart. It is formed from the historical territories of Baden, Prussian Hohenzollern, and Württemberg, parts of Swabia.

Hallo! Can you please explain me what is Abschluss and Ausbildung? What’s the difference between them? Thank u 🙏🏻

Hallo. 🙂 Der Abschluss aka Schulabschluss is a school degree, e.g. from Hauptschule, Realschule or Gymnasium. In Germany, we have 3 forms of public schooling from grade 5 or 7, instead of just “high school” (5 if you count Gesamtschule and Sonderschule). Read this for more: http://www.howtogermany.com/pages/germanschools.html

Die Ausbildung is whatever comes after your last school degree, e.g. a 3-year trainee program to train for a specific occupation you have chosen, at the end of which there is another official exam. We have a unique education and trainee system in Germany. Anyone from hair dresser to office worker to handyman goes through this 3-year training in which you pick an occupation and go through all the departments in that field with Berufsschule either once a week or in blocks – 4 days a week you go to work and get paid. Alternatively, you can study (provided you have the highest degree = Abitur from Gymnasium), but it’s basically one of the 2. Read more here: http://www.howtogermany.com/pages/education.html

This blog’s “school” tag: http://willkommen-in-germany.tumblr.com/search/school

Der Kulturkampf (‘culture struggle’) is a German term referring…

Der Kulturkampf (‘culture struggle’) is a German term referring to a set of policies enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Prime Minister of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck, in relation to secularity and the role of the Roman Catholic Church in the Kingdom of Prussia. In contemporary discussion, the term, along with ‘culture war’ is often used to describe any conflict between secular and religious authorities or deeply opposing values, and beliefs between large factions within a nation, community, or other group.

In 1871, the Catholic Church ruled 36.5% of the population of the German Empire. This included Germans in western Prussia and millions of Poles. Bismarck sought to appeal to liberal Protestants, who comprised 62% of the German Empire, by reducing the political and social influence of the Catholic Church. By the height of anti-Catholic legislation, half of the Catholic bishops were in prison or in exile, a quarter of the parishes had no priest, half the monks and nuns had left Prussia, a third of the monasteries and convents were closed, 1800 parish priests were imprisoned or exiled, and 1000s of laypeople were imprisoned for helping priests.

Bismarck’s program backfired, as it energized the Catholics to become a political force in the Catholic Centre party and revitalized Polish resistance. The Kulturkampf ended about 1880 with a new pope willing to negotiate with Bismarck and with the departure of the anti-Catholic liberals from his coalition. By retreating, Bismarck won over the Catholic Centre party support on most of his conservative policy positions, especially his attacks against Socialism. The term Kulturkampf first appeared c. 1840 in a review of a publication by Swiss-German liberal Ludwig Snell on “The Importance of the Struggle of liberal Catholic Switzerland with the Roman Curia”, but only gained wider currency after liberal member of the Prussian parliament, Rudolph Virchow, used it in 1873.