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Bielefeld is a city in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany. Population; 341,730. It is situated near the famous Teutoburg Forest where the Germanic tribes defeated the Romans a long time ago (watch „Gladiator“).

The city is home to a significant number of international companies, incl. Dr. Oetker, Gildemeister, and Schüco. There’s a university and several Fachhochschulen. It is also famous for the Bethel Institution, and for the Bielefeld Conspiracy, which satirizes conspiracy theories by claiming that Bielefeld does not actually exist and is just a figment of your imagination. This concept has been used in marketing campaigns and alluded to by Chancellor Angela Merkel. The city was founded in 1214 by Count Hermann IV of Ravensberg to guard a pass crossing the Teutoburg Forest.

The Sängerkrieg (minstrel contest), aka Wartbu…

The Sängerkrieg (minstrel contest), aka Wartburgkrieg (Wartburg contest), was a supposed contest among Minnesänger (minstrels) at the Wartburg, a castle in Thüringen, Eastern Germany, in 1207. Whether the contest was purely legend or had some basis in an actual event has been debated since the Middle Ages. Local historians, such as Dietrich von Apolda in the 1200s and Johannes Rothe (1360-1434) suggested that the poems referred to an actual event. In the 19th century, Johann Rinne argued that the events never occurred. Continue reading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A4ngerkrieg

Aurich in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Northe…

Aurich in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Northern Germany. Its beginnings as a town date back to the 13th century, when „Aurechove“ was first mentioned in a document. In 1517, it was rebuilt after an attack and the town center was established — it is still in place today. In 1539, Aurich was made the county capital. Ostfriesland (East Frisia) was inherited by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1744. After the Prussian Army was defeated, Aurich became part of the Kingdom of Holland in 1808. In 1810, the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France and Aurich was made the capital of the department Ems-Oriental of the French Empire. After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, it passed to the Kingdom of Hannover in 1815, then was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and made part of the Province of Hannover. After WW2, it became part of the new state of Lower Saxony and this is what it has been since.

Iserlohn is a city in the Märkischer Kreis of…

Iserlohn is a city in the Märkischer Kreis of Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany. It’s the largest city in the Sauerland, a hilly region. The Pancratius church aka Bauernkirche was founded in 985; the first document mentioning the town dates to 1150. In 1237, it received municipal rights.

The Holy Roman Empire at its greatest extent in the 13th century…

The Holy Roman Empire at its greatest extent in the 13th century under the German Hohenstaufen dynasty (1155-1268).

The Staufer, aka House of Hohenstaufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254). They also ruled the Kingdom of Sicily. In Italy, they’re known as the Svevi (Swabians) as they were successive dukes of Swabia from 1079. Three members of the dynasty – Frederick I, Henry VI, and Frederick II – were crowned Holy Roman Emperors. The dynasty is named for their seat at Hohenstaufen Castle, which was in turn named for a conical hill of the Swabian Jura with the name Hohenstaufen in what is now Göppingen, Baden-Württemberg, Southwestern Germany. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hohenstaufen

Der Briefkasten — a nice old-fashioned letter box in Güstrow,…

Der Briefkasten — a nice old-fashioned letter box in Güstrow, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Northeastern Germany. The town is known for its renaissance palace, its Altstadt (old town), and its brick gothic cathedral with Barlach’s Floating Angel sculpture. The town’s name comes from the Polabian Guščerov, meaning „lizard place“. (Hmm. 🤔) In 1219, a Wendish castle was built where the renaissance palace stands now. The town is said to have been founded by Heinrich Borwin II, a grandson of Heinrich dem Löwen (Henry the Lion).