Das Rheingold is the first of the 4 music dramas that constitute famoum German composer’s Richard Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung). It was performed as an opera at the National Theatre Munich in 1869, and received its first performance as part of the Ring cycle at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus in 1876.

Wagner wrote the Ring librettos in reverse order, so that Das Rheingold was the last of the texts to be written; it was, however, the first to be set to music. The score was completed in 1854, but Wagner was unwilling to sanction its performance until the whole cycle was complete; he worked intermittently on it until 1874. The 1869 Munich premiere was staged much against his wishes, on the orders of his patron, King Ludwig II of Bavaria. Following its 1876 Bayreuth premiere, the Ring cycle was introduced into worldwide repertory, with performances in all the main opera houses, in which it has remained a regular popular fixture since.

Read more:

astryfiammante: Mozart’s nationalityWas Mozart German or Austrian? Technically, neither. Salzburg…


Mozart’s nationality

Was Mozart German or Austrian? Technically, neither. Salzburg was an independent ecclesiastical territory until 1803, ruled by a Prince-Archbishop. In spite of the fact that it was a part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, its inhabitants didn’t see themselves as either German or Austrians. When Mozart labelled himself as a “true German” (“ehrlicher Teütcher”) he was implicitly referring to his language and to his cultural heritage (it should also be taken into account that his father was Bavarian and the Mozarts had Swabian origins). Mozart was first and foremost a citizen of Salzburg (a “salzburgian”, even though it is not a commonly used term), and later a subject of the Habsburg Monarchy (when he moved to Vienna). From a contemporary viewpoint, he can be considered Austrian.

The original opera house in Frankfurt am Main in Hessen, Central…

The original opera house in Frankfurt am Main in Hessen, Central Germany, is now the Alte Oper (Old Opera), a concert hall and former opera house. It was inaugurated in 1880 and destroyed by bombs in 1944, then rebuilt, slowly, in the 1970s, opening again in 1981. Many important operas were performed for the first time in Frankfurt, including Carl Orff’s Carmina Burana in 1937. The square in front of the building is the Opernplatz (Opera Square). The Alte Oper is located in the Innenstadt (inner city) within the banking district so it’s right next to the very modern highrises, creating the common German view of „old meets new“. The actual Frankfurt Opera house is now in a modern building nearby, completed in 1951, which it shares with a theater company.