Aspekte – Die Kultursendung im ZDF – Das Saarl…

Aspekte – Die Kultursendung im ZDF – Das Saarland

45 min docu in German on the Saarland, 1 of Germany’s 16 Federal States, located in the Southwest in the border region with France.
Read more, in English:

This is Helgoland, a small German archipelago …

This is Helgoland, a small German archipelago in the Nordsee (North Sea). The islands were once Danish and later British possessions. Population in 2016: 1,127. They are the only German islands not in the immediate vicinity of the mainland, about 70 km by sea from Cuxhaven. During the period of British possession, the lyrics to the “Deutschlandlied", which later became the national anthem, were written on one of the islands by August Heinrich Hoffmann in 1841, while he was vacationing there. In addition to German, the local population, who are ethnic Frisians, speak the Heligolandic dialect of the North Frisian language called Halunder. Heligoland used to be called Heyligeland, or “holy land”, possibly due to the island’s long association with the god Forseti – the god of justice and reconciliation in Norse mythology as associated with the Frisians.

Das Schloss Nymphenburg is a Baroque palace in…

Das Schloss Nymphenburg is a Baroque palace in München (Munich), Bayern, Southern Germany. It was the main summer residence of the rulers of the House of Wittelsbach. The central pavilion was completed in 1675; the palace was gradually expanded and transformed over time. For a long time, it was the favorite summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria. King Max I Joseph died there in 1825; his great-grandson King Ludwig II was born there in 1845. In 1863, the only meeting between Ludwig and Otto von Bismarck took place there, although they remained connected in a lifelong friendship.

Today, Nymphenburg is open to the public and also continues to be a home for the head of the House of Wittelsbach, Franz, Duke of Bavaria. To the Jacobites, who trace the line of legitimate British monarchy down through the legal heirs of James II of England, the head of the House of Wittelsbach is the legitimate heir of the Stuart claims to the thrones of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland; this claim is however not being actively pursued.

The Holy Roman Empire, circa 1000 Ein Stammhe…

The Holy Roman Empire, circa 1000

Ein Stammherzogtum (stem duchy, as in „Stamm“ for tribe in reference to the Germanic tribes of the Franks, Saxons, Bavarians & Swabians) was a constituent duchy of the Kingdom of Germany at the time of the extinction of the Carolingian dynasty (the death of Louis the Child in 911), and the transitional period leading to the formation of the Holy Roman Empire later in the 10th century.

The Carolingians had dissolved the original tribal duchies of the Frankish Empire in the 8th century. As the Carolingian Empire declined, the old tribal areas assumed new identities as the subdivisions of the realm. The 5 stem duchies are: Bavaria, Franconia, Lotharingia, Saxony, and Swabia/Alemannia. They were retained as the major divisions of Germany under the Salian dynasty, and became increasingly obsolete during the early high medieval period under the Hohenstaufen dynasty. They were finally abolished in 1180 by Frederick Barbarossa in favour of more numerous territorial duchies.

Read more: