Till Eulenspiegel is the protagonist of a Germ…

Till Eulenspiegel is the protagonist of a German chapbook from 1515 (a first edition of circa 1510/12 is preserved fragmentarily) with a possible background in earlier Middle Low German folklore.

Eulenspiegel is a native of Braunschweig (Brunswick) whose picaresque career takes him to many places throughout the Holy Roman Empire. He plays practical jokes on his contemporaries, especially scatological in nature, exposing vices at every turn. His life is set in the first half of the 14th century, and the final chapters of the chapbook describe his death from the plague of 1350. His name translates to “owl mirror”, and the frontispiece of the 1515 chapbook, as well as his alleged tombstone in Mölln, Schleswig-Holstein, display the name in rebus writing, by an owl and a hand mirror. Retellings of the Eulenspiegel tradition have been published in modern literature, since the later 19th century. Notably, The Legend of Thyl Ulenspiegel and Lamme Goedzak by Charles De Coster (1867) transfers the character to the context of the Protestant Reformation and the Dutch Revolt. The Ulenspiegel (modern Dutch: Tijl Uilenspiegel) from this novel became a symbol of Flemish independence. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Till_Eulenspiegel

The Sängerkrieg (minstrel contest), aka Wartbu…

The Sängerkrieg (minstrel contest), aka Wartburgkrieg (Wartburg contest), was a supposed contest among Minnesänger (minstrels) at the Wartburg, a castle in Thüringen, Eastern Germany, in 1207. Whether the contest was purely legend or had some basis in an actual event has been debated since the Middle Ages. Local historians, such as Dietrich von Apolda in the 1200s and Johannes Rothe (1360-1434) suggested that the poems referred to an actual event. In the 19th century, Johann Rinne argued that the events never occurred. Continue reading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A4ngerkrieg