Hohenzollern Castle, Germany
Hohenzollern Castle, Germany
The Schneefernerhaus at Germany’s highest mountain, the Zugspitze, is a former hotel, now used as an environmental research station. It lies in the Alps, just below the Zugspitze’s summit at 2,650 m and was opened 1931. It used to house the top station of the Zugspitze Railway as well as a hotel. There was a cable car from the Schneefernerhaus to the summit. In 1938 a gallery for pedestrians was opened from the ridge station of the Tyrolean Zugspitze Cable Car to the Schneefernerhaus. From 1945-1952 the hotel was commandeered for use as a “recreation facility” by US Forces. In 1965, an avalanche that swept over the sun terrace of the hotel and the lifts claimed 10 lives and injured 21. This tragedy was the impetus behind the introduction of a state avalanche warning system. In 1988, after the new railway station was opened, the SonnAlpin restaurant was extended. Hotel and restaurant operations finally ceased in 1992. The track of the Zugspitze Railway is still there but is now used only to serve the research station.
Burg Lichtenberg (12th century) in Oberstenfeld, Baden-Württemberg, Southwestern Germany
Gelnhausen in Hessen, Central Germany, about 40 km east of Frankfurt am Main, lies between the Vogelsberg mountains and the Spessart range. According to the Institut Géographique National, from 2007-2013, the geographic center of the European Union was located in wheat field just outside this town. Gelnhausen is also located on the scenic “German Fairy Tale Route”. It was founded by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa in 1170. The place was chosen because it was at the intersection of the Via Regia imperial road between Frankfurt and Leipzig and other major trade routes.
Regional German Food: Leipziger Allerlei is a Saxon dish of mixed vegetables – there are numerous variations on the basic recipe and the exact mix varies but it usually contains carrots and peas among other vegetables. According to legend, the dish was invented in Leipzig, Sachsen, Eastern Germany, after the Napoleonic Wars to protect the city: in storing more expensive meat-based dishes and serving vegetables instead, city officials hoped to encourage beggars and tax collectors to move on to neighboring cities. The first written recipe is from a 1745 cookbook.
Entrance to Burg Kronberg in Hessen, Central Germany. Kronberg in the Hochtaunuskreis is part of the Frankfurt Rhein-Main urban area. Before 1866, it was in the Duchy of Nassau; then the whole Duchy was absorbed into Prussia. Kronberg lies at the foot of the Taunus mountains, flanked by forests. A mineral water spring also rises in the town. The castle was built in 1220.
The “Hessians” were German auxiliaries in the 1700’s, contracted for military service by the British government. They took their name from the German state of Hessen-Kassel, where many of them originated. The British hired them for combat in several 18th century conflicts, but they’re mostly associated with combat operations in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). About 30,000 Germans fought for the British during that war, making up 25% of the troops the British sent to America. They entered the British service as entire units, fighting under their own flags, commanded by their usual officers, wearing their existing uniforms. The largest contingent came from the state of Hessen, which supplied about 40% of the German troops who fought for the British. This led to the use of the term Hessians to refer to all German troops fighting on the British side, a form of synecdoche. The rest were rented from other German states. Patriots presented them as foreign mercenaries with no stake in America. Many of the men were press-ganged into Hessian service. Deserters were executed or beaten. Hessian prisoners of war were put to work on local farms.
Read more: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hessian_(soldier)