11-minute video on the city of Düsseldorf, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany, in English.


Der Zwinger in Dresden, Sachsen, Eastern Germany

Der Dresdner Zwinger is a palace built in Baroque style, designed by court architect Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann. It served as orangery, exhibition gallery, and festival arena of the Dresden Court. The location was formerly part of a fortress of which the outer wall is conserved. The name derives from the German word Zwinger (an enclosed killing ground in front of a castle or city gate); it was for the cannons that were placed between the outer wall and the main wall. The Zwinger was not enclosed until the Neoclassical building by Gottfried Semper called the Semper Gallery was built on its northern side.

Today, it is a museum that contains the Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister (Old Masters Picture Gallery), the Dresden Porcelain Collection (Dresdener Porzellansammlung) and the Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon (Royal Cabinet of Mathematical and Physical Instruments).


Heinsberg in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany, is located near the border with the Netherlands, 30 km from Mönchengladbach. Two rivers flow through it, the Wurm and the Rur. Historical affiliations of Heinsberg through time:

Lordship of Heinsberg 1085–1484

Duchy of Jülich-Berg 1484–1794, part of:

United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg 1521–1614

Palatinate-Neuburg 1614–1685

Electoral Palatinate 1685–1794, part of:

Electorate of Bavaria 1777–1794

French Republic 1794–1804

French Empire 1804–1815

Kingdom of Prussia 1815–1871

German Empire 1871–1918

Weimar Republic 1918–1933

Nazi Germany 1933–1945

Allied-occupied Germany 1945–1949

West Germany 1949–1990

Germany 1990–present


The Bode Museum in Berlin is one of a group of museums on the Museum Island. It was designed by Ernst von Ihne and completed in 1904. Originally called the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum after Emperor Frederick III, it was renamed for its first curator in 1956. True to the ethos of its founding director, Wilhelm von Bode, who believed in mixing art collections, it is now home to sculptures, Byzantine art, coins and medals. The presentation is both geographic and chronological, with the Byzantine and Gothic art of northern and southern Europe displayed separately on the first floor and a similar regional division of Renaissance and Baroque art on its second floor.

The sculpture collection shows art of the Christian Orient with an emphasis on Coptic Egypt, sculptures from Byzantium, Ravenna, of the Middle Ages, the Italian Gothic, and the early Renaissance. Late German Gothic works are represented by Tilman Riemenschneider, the south German Renaissance, and Prussian Baroque art up to the 18th century.

The Münzkabinett of coins is one of the world’s largest numismatic collections. Its range spans from the beginning of minting in the 7th century BC in Asia Minor up to the present day. With about 500,000 items, it is a unique archive for historical research, while its medal collection makes it an important art exhibition.

Incomplete but long list of some of the most important museums in Germany by federal state here: