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Neuss in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany, is located on the west bank of the Rhein river opposing Düsseldorf. It is known for its historic Roman sites, as well as the annual Neusser Bürger-Schützenfest, a fun fair. Neuss and Trier share the title of “Germany’s oldest city” – in 1984, Neuss celebrated its 2000 year anniversary since its founding in 16 BCE.

It was founded by the Romans in 16 BC as a military fortification. Legio XVI Gallica (“Gallic 16th Legion”) of the Roman army was stationed here in 43-70 AD. It was disbanded after surrendering during the Batavian rebellion. Later a civil settlement was founded in the area of today’s town center during the 1st century AD.

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Heinsberg in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany, is located near the border with the Netherlands, 30 km from Mönchengladbach. Two rivers flow through it, the Wurm and the Rur. Historical affiliations of Heinsberg through time:

Lordship of Heinsberg 1085–1484

Duchy of Jülich-Berg 1484–1794, part of:

United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg 1521–1614

Palatinate-Neuburg 1614–1685

Electoral Palatinate 1685–1794, part of:

Electorate of Bavaria 1777–1794

French Republic 1794–1804

French Empire 1804–1815

Kingdom of Prussia 1815–1871

German Empire 1871–1918

Weimar Republic 1918–1933

Nazi Germany 1933–1945

Allied-occupied Germany 1945–1949

West Germany 1949–1990

Germany 1990–present

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„Deutschland hat mir zehnmal mehr gegeben, als ich mir je erhofft habe. Ich verdanke diesem wunderbaren Land mein Leben.“

— Rudi Carrell (1934-2006), Dutch entertainer and tv host, who lived and worked in Germany for decades. Along with other Dutch entertainers like Johannes Heesters or Linda de Mol, he was very successful and probably the most famous Dutchman in Germany. He had his own “Rudi Carrell Show”, which ran from the 60′s to the 90′s. He also sang and acted in several movies.

Oldenburg in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Nor…

Oldenburg in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Northern Germany, is situated between Bremen (Germany) and Groningen (Netherlands); it’s part of the Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region of 2.37 million people. It’s also the place of origin of the House of Oldenburg. Before the end of the German Empire (1918), it was the administrative center and residence of the monarchs of Oldenburg. Archaeological finds point to a settlement dating back as far the 8th century.

Großefehn (East Frisian Low Saxon: Grootfehn) …

Großefehn (East Frisian Low Saxon: Grootfehn) is a municipality consisting of 14 villages in the district of Aurich in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Northwestern Germany. It is situated about 10 km southeast of Aurich.

Till Eulenspiegel is the protagonist of a Germ…

Till Eulenspiegel is the protagonist of a German chapbook from 1515 (a first edition of circa 1510/12 is preserved fragmentarily) with a possible background in earlier Middle Low German folklore.

Eulenspiegel is a native of Braunschweig (Brunswick) whose picaresque career takes him to many places throughout the Holy Roman Empire. He plays practical jokes on his contemporaries, especially scatological in nature, exposing vices at every turn. His life is set in the first half of the 14th century, and the final chapters of the chapbook describe his death from the plague of 1350. His name translates to “owl mirror”, and the frontispiece of the 1515 chapbook, as well as his alleged tombstone in Mölln, Schleswig-Holstein, display the name in rebus writing, by an owl and a hand mirror. Retellings of the Eulenspiegel tradition have been published in modern literature, since the later 19th century. Notably, The Legend of Thyl Ulenspiegel and Lamme Goedzak by Charles De Coster (1867) transfers the character to the context of the Protestant Reformation and the Dutch Revolt. The Ulenspiegel (modern Dutch: Tijl Uilenspiegel) from this novel became a symbol of Flemish independence. Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Till_Eulenspiegel

Aurich in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Northe…

Aurich in Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), Northern Germany. Its beginnings as a town date back to the 13th century, when „Aurechove“ was first mentioned in a document. In 1517, it was rebuilt after an attack and the town center was established — it is still in place today. In 1539, Aurich was made the county capital. Ostfriesland (East Frisia) was inherited by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1744. After the Prussian Army was defeated, Aurich became part of the Kingdom of Holland in 1808. In 1810, the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France and Aurich was made the capital of the department Ems-Oriental of the French Empire. After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, it passed to the Kingdom of Hannover in 1815, then was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and made part of the Province of Hannover. After WW2, it became part of the new state of Lower Saxony and this is what it has been since.