LGBT Rights & Same-Sex Marriage
— Same-sex marriage has been legal in Germanx since October 2017, after legislation passed, giving same-sex couples full marital and adoption rights.
— Prior to that, registered partnerships were available to same-sex couples since 2001.
— These partnerships provided most, though not all of the same rights as current marriages, and ceased to be available after the introduction of same-sex marriage. Same-sex stepchild adoption first became legal in 2005 and was expanded in 2013 to allow someone in a same-sex relationship to adopt a child already adopted by their partner.
— Discrimination in employment is banned countrywide.
— Transgender people have been allowed to change their legal gender since 1980. The law initially required them to undergo surgical alteration of their genitals in order to have identity documents changed. This has since been declared unconstitutional.
— Despite 2 pf the 3 main political parties in the German Government being socially conservative on the issues, modern Germany has frequently been seen as one of the most gay-friendly countries in the world.
— Recent polls have indicated that a large majority of Germans support same-sex marriage. A poll in 2013 indicated that 87% of Germans believed that homosexuality should be accepted by society, which was the 2nd-highest score of 39 countries polled, after Spain (88%).
— Berlin has been referred to by publications as one of the most gay friendly cities in the world. This has a long tradition, interrupted by WW2.
— The former Mayor of Berlin, Klaus Wowereit, is one of the most famous openly gay men in Germany, next to the former Mayor of Hamburg, Ole von Beust, the Federal Minister of Health, Jens Spahn, the deceased former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Guido Westerwelle, the former Federal Ministry of the Environment Barbara Hendricks, and comedians Hape Kerkeling, Hella von Sinnen, and Lutz van der Horst.
— Founded in 1981, the Akademie Waldschlösschen, an adult education conference center near Göttingen in Niedersachsen, Northern Germany, has developed into a national networking hub for LGBT teachers, lawyers, clergy, gay fathers and gay and lesbian student groups at German universities.