Urban neighborhood in Berlin-Neukölln. Neukölln is Berlin’s 8th borough, located in the southeastern part of the city. It features many Gründerzeit buildings and has a high percentage of immigrants. As of 2010, it had a population of 310,283, of whom 121,000 (~40%) were of non-native origin. Turkish, Arab, and Kurdish communities make up about 18% of the population. More recently, there has been an influx of Romani and Sub-Saharan Africans. Another trend is the rapid gentrification of neighborhoods, where the influx of students, creatives and young professionals of mostly Western origin has caused some tension with long-time residents.