Die Provinz Posen (red) was a province of Preussen (Prussia) from 1848 and, as such, part of the German Empire from 1871-1918. The area, roughly corresponding to the historic region of Greater Poland annexed during the 18th century, was about 29,000 km2. For more than a century, it was part of the Prussian Partition, with a brief exception during the Napoleonic Wars. As part of the Grand Duchy of Posen after the 1815 Congress of Vienna, it was administered as a Prussian province upon the Greater Poland Uprising of 1848. In 1919, according to the Versailles Treaty, Germany had to cede most of it to the newly established 2nd Polish Republic. German rocket scientist and space engineer Wernher von Braun (1912-1977) was from this area. He was one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology – from the V1 & V2 to the rocket that powered the first Moon landing. He is therefore credited as being the “Father of Rocket Science”.