Die Cranger Kirmes is a funfair Herne-Crange. It’s the biggest funfair in Nordrhein-Westfalen and the 2nd-largest fair in Germany after the very famous Oktoberfest in Munich. It attracts around 4-5 million visitors each year and features 500 attractions. The fair is held annually for 10 days, starting on the first Friday in August. Attractions include ferris wheels, carousels, rollercoasters, ghost trains, carnival games, food stalls, raffles, beer halls, and beer gardens. On opening and closing day there are fireworks. The exact year of the first fair is unknown. In the 15th century a market to sell wild horses from the nearby riparian forests was established in Crange to be held around St. Lawrence’s Day on August 10. Over time, dancers, prestidigitators, jugglers, fortune tellers, magicians, and carnies joined and gradually outnumbered the horse dealers. When Industrialisation and mining in the area led to a substantial population increase, annual visitor numbers increased and the fair grew into what it is now.