The German Nibelungen (with the corresponding Old Norse Niflung/Niflungr) is the name in Germanic and Norse mythology of the royal family or lineage of the Burgundians who settled in the early 5th century at Worms. The vast wealth of the Burgundians is often referred to as the Niblung hoard. In some German texts Nibelung appears instead as one of the supposed original owners of that hoard, either the name of one of the kings of a people known as the Nibelungs, or as the name of a dwarf. In Richard Wagner’s opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (1848-1874), it denotes a dwarf, or perhaps a specific race of dwarves. The earliest probable surviving mention of the name is in the Latin poem Waltharius, believed to have been composed around the year 920. Read more about the German tradition here.