The German flag consists of 3 equal horizontal bands, displaying the national colors of black, red, and gold. It was first adopted as national flag in 1919, during the Weimar Republic. Following WWII, the tricolor was designated as the flag of both West and East Germany. The 2 flags were identical until 1959, when the East German flag was augmented with the coat of arms of East Germany. Since reunification on 3 Oct 1990, the black-red-gold tricolor has remained the national flag. The color scheme of black-red-gold and black-white-red have played an important role in the history of Germany and have had various meanings. The colors of the modern flag are associated with the democracy formed after World War I, and represent German unity and freedom: not only the freedom of the country, but also the personal freedom of the German people. During the Weimar Republic, the black-red-gold were the colors of the democratic, centrist and republican political parties, as opposed to the extreme political right and extreme political left.